Osteoporosis is often called a silent disease because symptoms might not develop or be particularly noticeable. Early detection is important in order to prevent fractures from occurring.
Risk Factors include:
- Aging -bones become less dense with age
- Race - Caucasian and Asian women have the highest risk
- Body Weight - people who weigh less have a higher risk
- Lifestyle - physical inactivity, excessive alcohol use, smoking, calcium and vitamin D deficiency
- Certain medications
- Family history of bone disease
Take our osteoporosis risk assessment tool to see if you might be at risk.
Bone density tests, which measure bone mass in relation to its volume are primarily performed to identify people with osteoporosis and osteopenia so the appropriate medical therapy and treatment can be given. Early treatment helps to prevent future bone fractures and may be recommended for people who have already fractured and are considered at risk for osteoporosis.
Treatment Options vary depending on the extent of the disease, as well as a patient's age, medical history, tolerance for certain medications, expectations, and personal preference. The goals of treatment are to decrease pain, minimize bone loss, and prevent fractures.
Some of the methods used to treat osteoporosis are also applied to help prevent it from developing, including the following:
- Maintain an appropriate body weight
- Increase walking and other weight-bearing exercises
- Minimize alcohol consumption
- Stop smoking
- Maintain adequate intake of calcium and Vitamin D
- Prevent falls to prevent fractures