The pelvis is a basin-shaped structure that supports the spinal column and protects the abdominal organs. It contains the following:
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- Sacrum. A spade-shaped bone that is formed by the fusion of five originally separate sacral vertebrae.
- Coccyx (also called the tail bone). Formed by the fusion of four originally separated coccygeal bones.
- Three hip bones. These include the following:
- Ilium. The broad, flaring portion of the hip bone (the crest of the pelvis).
- Pubis. The lower, posterior part of the hip bone.
- Ischium. One of the bones that helps form the hip.
Two of the more common pelvic problems include the following:
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Online Resources of Spine, Shoulder, & Pelvis Disorders