Medical University of South Carolina Hospital logo
Home |  Video Library | Podcast Library | e-Newsletters | Classes & Events | About Us | News Blog | University & Colleges 
Contact Us | 843-792-1414
  

Patients & Visitors

Medical Services

Maps & Parking

Health Library

Physician Portal

Careers

Online Services
Health Library
Health Topics A to Z
Clinical Trials & Research
Tests & Procedures
Lab Tests & Results
Health Assessment Tools
Treatment Options
Symptom Checker
Health e-Newsletters
Podcast Library
Video Library
Health Library
Bookmark Page icon Bookmark |

Print this page icon

|

E-mail icon

Health Library : Environmental Medicine

 

Accomplishments of Environmental Medicine

Since its establishment in 1966, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has sponsored successful programs to: 

  • Describe 11 important categories of diseases and other health consequences of global climate change. 
  • Identify liver enzymes which decrease drug metabolism. 
  • Collaborate with other agencies to use state-of-the art technology to evaluate possible chemical and environmental toxins.
  • Study how the environment and genes together affect the chance that a woman will get breast cancer by studying women and their sisters.
  • Develop small, wearable electronic sensor technologies ("electronic noses") to detect high exposures to toxic chemicals that pose serious health risks in the workplace or through accidental exposure.  
  • Show a statistical link between the level of methylmercury exposure in mothers during pregnancy and their children's performance on neurological tests.
  • Show that calorie-restricted diets may slow the development of bladder cancer.
  • Show that children who are exposed to relatively small amounts of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) before birth have higher rates of low-normal IQ scores, poor reading comprehension, and memory problems.
  • Show that boys with relatively high levels of lead in their bones are more likely to engage in aggressive acts and delinquent behavior.
  • Show that phenolphthalein, a widely used laxative, causes ovarian and other cancers in laboratory rats and mice.
  • Show that intercourse during the six days leading up to a woman's ovulation is most likely to result in conception of a child.
  • Show there is a depletion in the earth's ozone shield.
  • Isolate the tumor-suppressor gene, BRCA1, that is thought to play a critical role in the development of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer.
  • Show an association between exposure to fine particles, sulfur dioxide, and acid aerosols, and an increase in respiratory symptoms, reduced lung capacity, and risk of early death.
  • Show that reducing the organic contaminants in chlorinated drinking water may enhance the benefits of this water treatment method.
  • Show that asbestos and other fibrous materials stimulate the release of a highly reactive form of oxygen that has been shown to damage lung tissue.

Click here to view the
Online Resources of Environmental Medicine


 Sources & References

OUR SERVICES

 Find an MUSC Doctor:
 »Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine


 

About This Site   |   Disclaimer   |  Privacy   |   Accessibility   |   Donations   |   Site Map
171 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC 29403 1.843.792.1414 | © 2014 Medical University of South Carolina

mobile web site iconrss feed iconText Messaging iconPodcast Library