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Cancer Health Library : Oncology


Nutrition and Cancer: High-Protein Foods

Nutrition tip

To avoid the risk of food poisoning, do not use raw eggs in uncooked items. Egg substitutes may be used in uncooked items, such as milkshakes or eggnog. Egg Beaters add 25 calories per 1/4 cup and 5 grams protein per 1/4 cup.

Calorie and protein guidelines during cancer treatment

Each individual’s calorie and protein requirements will vary depending on a number of factors, such as age, gender, body weight, and activity level. The current recommended daily allowance for protein for most adults is 46 to 56 grams per day. It is important to discuss your individual calorie and protein requirements with your doctor or registered dietitian. With some cancers, the metabolic processes can cause a situation known as hypermetabolism that affects how the body uses proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. With hypermetabolism you may need to increase your calorie and protein intake. Discuss this with your doctor or registered dietitian.

What foods are high in protein?

Foods that are high in protein include:

  • Meats, such as beef, chicken, fish, turkey, and lamb
  • Milk and cheese, such as yogurt, cottage cheese, and cream cheese
  • Eggs
  • Peanut butter (with bread or crackers)
  • Dried beans and peas (with bread, cornbread, rice)

Listed below are some suggestions for adding calories and protein to your meals and snacks:

  • Add powdered milk (33 calories and 3 grams protein per tablespoon):
    • To foods and beverages.
    • To puddings, potatoes, soups, ground meats, vegetables, cooked cereal, milkshakes, yogurt, and pancake batter.
  • Add eggs or egg substitute (80 calories and 6 grams protein per egg):
    • To casseroles, meat loaf, mashed potatoes, cooked cereal, macaroni and cheese, and chicken or tuna salads.
    • To French toast and pancake batter. (Add more eggs than you normally would.)
  • Use cheese (100 calories and 7 grams protein per ounce), as tolerated:
    • As snacks or on sandwiches.
    • In casseroles, potatoes, vegetables, and soups.
  • Use whole milk (150 calories and 8 grams protein per cup) in cooking and food preparation, as tolerated.
  • Use peanut butter (95 calories and 4 grams protein per tablespoon) on toast, bagels, crackers, bananas, apples, and celery.
  • Add Carnation Instant Breakfast (130 calories and 7 grams protein per packet) to milkshakes or milk.
  • Add nonfat dry milk to whole milk to prepare high-protein milk.

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