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Children's Symptoms > Skin - Widespread Symptoms > Hives
Hives

DEFINITION

  • An itchy rash made up of raised pink spots with pale centers

Symptoms

  • Raised pink bumps with pale centers (welts)
  • Hives look like mosquito bites
  • Sizes of hives vary from ½ inch (12 mm) to several inches (cm) across
  • Shapes of hives are variable and change repeatedly
  • Itchy rash

Causes

  • Widespread hives usually are caused by a viral infection.  Can also be an allergic reaction to a food, drug, infection, insect bite, or other substances. Often, the cause is not found.  Hives from foods usually resolve in 6 hours.
  • Localized hives are usually due to skin contact with plants, pollen, food or pet saliva. Localized hives are not caused by drugs, infections or swallowed foods.

See More Appropriate Topic (instead of this one) If


WHEN TO CALL YOUR DOCTOR

Call 911 Now (your child may need an ambulance) If

  • Difficulty breathing or wheezing
  • Hoarseness or cough with rapid onset
  • Difficulty swallowing, drooling or slurred speech with rapid onset
  • Severe life-threatening allergic reaction in the past to similar substance

Call Your Doctor Now (night or day) If

  • Your child looks or acts very sick
  • Hives began after a bee sting, medicine or high-risk food (e.g., peanuts or fish) and no previous reactions
  • Age under 1 year with widespread hives
  • You think your child needs to be seen urgently

Call Your Doctor Within 24 Hours (between 9 am and 4 pm) If

  • You think your child needs to be seen, but not urgently
  • Severe hives (eyes swollen shut, very itchy, etc.) not improved after 2nd dose of Benadryl
  • Fever or joint swelling is present
  • Abdominal pain or vomiting present

Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If

  • You have other questions or concerns
  • Hives interfere with school or normal activities after taking Benadryl every 6 hours for more than 24 hours
  • Food suspected as cause
  • Hives have occurred 3 or more times and cause is unknown
  • Hives last over 1 week

Parent Care at Home If

  • Hives with no complications and you don't think your child needs to be seen

HOME CARE ADVICE FOR HIVES

  1. Localized Hives:
    • For localized hives, wash the allergic substance off the skin with soap and water.
    • If itchy, massage the area with a cold pack or ice for 20 minutes.
    • Localized hives usually disappear in a few hours and don't need Benadryl.
  2. Benadryl for Widespread Hives:
    • Give Benadryl 4 times per day for widespread hives that itch (no prescription needed). See Dosage chart.
    • If you only have another antihistamine at home (but not Benadryl), use that.
    • Continue the Benadryl 4 times per day until the hives are gone for 12 hours.
    • Contraindication: Age is under 1 year (Reason: Benadryl is a sedative). Give your doctor a call for advice.
  3. Food-Related Hives:
    • Foods can cause widespread hives
    • Sometimes the hives are isolated to just around the mouth
    • Hives from foods usually are transient and gone in under 6 hours
  4. Cool Bath: Give a cool bath for 10 minutes to relieve itching.  (Caution: avoid causing a chill)  Rub very itchy areas with an ice cube for 10 minutes.
  5. Remove Allergens: Give a bath or shower if triggered by pollens or animal contact. Change clothes.
  6. Avoid Allergens: If you identify a substance that causes hives (e.g., a food), help your child avoid that substance in the future.
  7. Contagiousness:
    • Hives are not contagious.
    • Your child can return to child care or school if the hives do not interfere with normal activities.
    • If the hives are associated with an infection, your child can return to school after the fever is gone and your child feels well enough to participate in normal activities.
  8. Expected Course: Hives from a viral illness normally come and go for 3 or 4 days, then disappear. Most children get hives once.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Severe hives persist after 2nd dose of Benadryl
    • Most of the itch is not relieved within 24 hours on continuous Benadryl
    • Hives last over 1 week
    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the "Call Your Doctor" symptoms.


Disclaimer: This information is not intended be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.


Author and Senior Reviewer: Barton D. Schmitt, M.D.

Last Reviewed: 9/15/2011

Last Revised: 8/1/2011

Content Set: Pediatric HouseCalls Symptom Checker

Copyright 1994-2012 Barton D. Schmitt, M.D.


Additional Resources:

 How to use the Adult Health Topics pages
 When to call the doctor
 Reviewers of Clinical Content

Disclaimer: The information contained in these topics is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, it is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.

Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider before starting any new treatment or discontinuing an existing treatment. Talk with your healthcare provider about any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Nothing contained in these topics is intended to be for medical diagnosis or treatment.

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